One of the oldest civilisations, established around 3200 BCE, is today officially known as the Arab Republic of Egypt. Its population of 97.55m people live in Cairo – the country’s capital – Alexandria and Giza, as well in the valley of Nile.
The official language is Arabic, but English and French are widely used for commercial purposes. The country’s legal system is largely based on Islamic law (Sharia) and French civil law.
The national currency is the Egyptian Pound ($1=EGP16.31).
Egypt is a lower middle-income country with a GDP per capita of $2,549.1. The economy took a hard blow following the upheaval in 2011; however, due to reforms carried out by the current president, it became one of the fastest-growing economies in the region. The country still has to work on creating a free-market, eradicating corruption, and reducing the dependence on oil exports.